The beauty of basketball is that it only requires a basket, a ball and at least two players. At official games, five players from each team play on the court, each team trying to get the ball into the opposing team’s basketball hoop. The team with control of the ball plays offense, but switches to defense after losing possession. Players can only move the ball up and down the court by dribbling and passing. Successful basketball players demonstrate agility, endurance and hand-eye coordination on the court.
While all players should master dribbling, shooting, passing, rebounding and blocking, positions vary by strengths. The point guard is the best dribbler and passer. The shooting guard and small forward are the best outside shooters. The power forward is skilled at rebounding. The tallest players on the team typically play center to make easy jump shots and block those attempted by the other team.
Players can score points in three ways. If a player makes a basket behind the three-point line, the team earns three points. From anywhere within the three-point line, players score two points. After a player has been fouled, they receive an attempt at a foul shot worth one point.
Thanks to Dr. James Naismith for nailing two peach baskets to opposing sides of a YMCA gym in 1891, the game of basketball was born and has since become an international sport.