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Cast Away with Fishing Supplies

In the Upper Paleolithic period, humans used harpoons, nets and hooks with a line tackle to catch fish as means to provide food. Over time, man eventually realized the delight of fishing and evolved from the crude ways of catching fish. From river bank anglers to deep sea fishers, people across America fish in different environments for freshwater and saltwater catch.

Freshwater Fishing

From ponds to lakes to rivers, freshwater fishing offers a variety of options for fish, equipment and locations. While freshwater fish are typically smaller than saltwater fish, fishermen may catch anything from sunfish and crappie to pike and catfish. The smaller size means an easier catch, as the fish swim in weaker currents and do not fight back as hard.

Before heading to the lake, itís important to have the proper equipment. For a longer cast, experienced fishermen tend to use baitcasting reels and rods. When using smaller bait for fish of any weight, fishermen will use spinning reels. Beginners use spincasting reels and spinning rods for easier casting. Using a reel and rod combo eliminates the hassle of pairing rods and reels. When picking bait for freshwater fishing, fishermen typically use artificial lures, worms, crawfish or minnows.

From the trout in Salmon, Idaho to the walleye in Appleton, Wisconsin, many lakes, rivers and ponds all around the US offer premier fish. The best place to go fishing depends on the species preference. Castaic Lake, Diamond Valley Lake and Dixon Lake in California are a few of the best places to fish for largemouth bass. For rainbow trout, fishermen catch trophy fish in Lake Pend Oreille, Idaho and the Niagara River.

Saltwater Fishing

Saltwater fishing is enjoyed coast to coast whether itís in the San Diego Bay or Louisianaís Biloxi Marsh. With opportunities to catch anything from a 50-pound class yellowfin tuna to a 14-foot marlin, saltwater fishing poses unique challenges for fishermen.

Because saltwater fish tend to be selective with bait, fisherman must be creative and use eels, soft shell crabs, grass shrimp, clams or crayfish. With a little more effort, the results can be rewarding as fishermen catch bigger fish, including goblin sharks, sculpin, bluefish, king salmon, redfish and striped bass. With saltwater fish, fishermen must beware of potential sharp teeth, poisonous spines, and lethal toxins.

Saltwater fishing demands using larger, sturdier hooks, rods and reels. Saltwater fishing rods and reels are built to handle the harsh elements of the sea and to stand up to a fight from the fish. Fishermen out on the briny waters will use different reels depending on the type of fishing: offshore for large fish, trolling for dragging live bait, jigging for pulling the lure up and down, casting for precise casts and bottom for deep fishing. Once a fish has been angled, fishermen use gaffs and nets to handle and secure the fish.

Like freshwater fishing, saltwater fishing hotspots depend on the fish. World-class marlin fishing can be found offshore of Venice, Louisiana while some fishermen find the best bluefish in Montauk, New York. From the calm waters in Kodiak, Alaska where halibut reside to red snapper-abundant Florida panhandle, saltwater fishing is a popular sport nationwide. Once a survival essential among hunter-gathers, fishing has not only become a commercial industry, but also a relaxing, rewarding hobby for man. Just like the fly fishers of Minneapolis and backcountry anglers of the Everglades, people across America have discovered the beauty in the sport of fishing.